Over The counter  Cold Medications

 

Over-the-counter medications for colds, such as decongestants and antihistamines, are not recommended for children under 6 years of age. If your child is under 6 and you have questions on how to help their cold symptoms, please contact our office to speak to one of our nurses.

Cold and influenza infections are caused by viruses which do not respond to antibiotics. These viruses can last 10-14 days during which the body will develop immunity to the virus. This will prevent future infection of this specific virus. Most over-the-counter cold remedies do not help your child get over the illness and are not recommended for children under 6 years of age. Our physician discourage the use of acetaminophen/cold or ibuprofen/cold combinations as it is often difficult to prescribe the appropriate dose. Ask our staff which medications we recommend for your child's cold symptoms. Acetaminophen or ibuprofen is fine to use to help reduce your child's fever and to make them more comfortable. Please make sure you are giving the appropriate medication and dose for your child's age and weight. Ibuprofen is not recommended for babies under 6 months of age.

 

Constipation

Symptoms of constipation include pain or crying during a bowel movement, straining or pushing longer than 10 minutes, or 3 or more days without a bowel movement. Causes can include high milk or cheese diet, low fiber diet, stool holding, or slow gastrointestinal transit time (which is a genetic condition). It can be normal for young infants to strain or grunt and their face may become red while pushing during a bowel movement. Large BMs can be normal and is related to the amount of food consumed and may not indicate constipation. Hard or dry BMs can be normal if passed easily without straining and increasing fiber in the diet can help soften stools. Once children are on a regular diet after age 1, the normal range for BM frequency is 3 times per day to once every two days. Treatment in children over age 1 is to increase fiber in the diet by including more fruits and vegetables. Also increase whole grain foods such as bran flakes, bran muffins, oatmeal, graham crackers, brown rice and whole wheat bread. Popcorn can be tried if the child is older than 4 years old. Be aware that bananas and applesauce can be constipating. Encourage a regular bowel pattern by sitting the child on the toilet for 10 minutes after meals, especially breakfast. You can have your child sit in warm water to help them relax their bottom. Babies can be helped by holding the knees against the chest to stimulate squatting. You should call our office if constipation continues after making the recommended dietary changes, your child becomes worse, your child is having abdominal pain, your child is vomiting, blood is present in or on the stool, your child is acting weak, or if there is significant bleeding from a anal tear. Note that it is normal for infants who are breastfed and are older than one month of age to begin to have infrequent BMs every 4-7 days.

Internet safety for your child

INTERNET SAFETY FOR YOUR CHILD;
Keeping your child safe on the internet requires close monitoring and information on how to keep your child safe. Studies have shown that many kids who participate in my space showed information regarding high risk behavior. This is a concern because of danger of sexual predators and also information your child posts on these sights can impact their applications to college or future employers.

KEEPING YOUR CHILD SAFE;
A few resources from various organizations that may help you to learn how to keep your children from abusing or misusing MySpace and the internet:
-Digital Technology 10: Sponsored by The National Youth Anti-Drug media Campaign, this site offers a "crash course" in the most popular communication tools used by teens today and offers guidance and advice to help parents monitor their teen's activities.
-MySpace and Your Child: Nortan (Symantec Corporation) offers a brief primer for parents on what MySpace is and simple rules for protecting your child.
-MySpace 4 Parents: Learn How to Protect Your Child in MySpace: This digital e-book not only helps parents understand MySpace but teaches parents how to access pictures, videos, blogs and comments left on their child's MySpace pages. $12.95
-Computing Safely and Privacy Online and in the home: This About.com index of numerous internet safety fact sheets provides separat4e guide on MySpace safety for teens and their parents, as well as information on cyberspace safety.
-Parents: Protect your Children From Online Dangers: Internet Protection for kids offers parents the service of tracking information on children's myspace pages.
-Internet Safety Tips for Middle School Kids: http://commonsense.com/internet-safety-guide/ Sponsored by Common Sense Media, provides age-specific online safety resources including a video on safety, tips and pamphlets and a discussion board for concerned community members.
source : jointogether.org

 

Allergies

-Symptoms of allergies can include clear nasal discharge with sneezing, sniffing and nasal itching. Eyes that are watery, itchy and puffy can also be symptoms of allergies. Other symtoms can include tickling, scratching sensation in the back of the throat, hoarse voice, itchy ear canals and skin, ear and sinus congestion. Allergy symptoms do not include fever, if your child is running a fever they are likely suffering from a viral or bacterial illness. Most common pollens that cause allergy symptoms are grass tree and ragweed. Common allergens can be from cats, dogs, horses , rabbits and other animals.

HOME CARE ADVICE FOR SEASONAL ALLERGY SYMPTOMS

Controlling the allergy symptoms are key to keeping your child comfortable
many medications are available over the counter and are very helpful in relieving allergy symptoms if taken daily for two months or longer during the period that symptoms are present. If the medication causes drowsiness, giving the medication at bedtime can be helpful.
Benadryl, Claritin and Zyrtec are over the counter allergy medications that are safe for children age 6 and over if taken according to package directions. If your child is under age 6 contact your physician to discuss which medication will be best and what dose is best for your child.

-Other ways to help alleviate symptoms include
-warm water or saline nose drops (2-3 drops in each nostril) followed by blowing the nose- to make saline mix 1/2 teaspoon salt to one cup warm water- do nasal washes at least 4 times per day
- having your child bathe or shower at night before going to bed
- Having your child put on clean pajamas after bathing and going to bed each night with clean clothes and sheets will keep your child’s symptoms at bay by keeping pollens out of the bedroom- keep bedroom windows closed and vacuum carpet regularly
-Change your air filter regularly
-avoid window and attic fans
- keep windows and doors closed during pollen season
-stay indoors on windy days if possible will also be helpful.

CALL THE DR WHEN:
-your child’s symptoms aren't controlled in 2 days with continuous antihistamines
-your child becomes worse